Haze Causes Indonesia's Rubber Production to Decline

   •    02 November 2015 13:48 WIB
Haze Causes Indonesia's Rubber Production to Decline
A worker collecting rubber sap in Subang, West Java, November 23rd, 2014. (Photo: Antara/Andika Wahyu)

Metrotvnews.com, Medan: The rubber production of Indonesia is predicted to decline of up to 300,000 tons, in the period of September 2015 to February 2016, if compared to the same period of 2015, due to the smoke haze occurring since four months ago. 

"Even though the haze no longer blocks the sun against the plants, but the production can't spontaneously return to normal," said the Executive Secretary of the Joint Companies of Indonesian Rubber Companies (Gapkindo) North Sumatra, Edy Irwansyah from Antara, Sunday (11/1/2015).

He thinks that the rubber production needs time to re-regulate it's metabolism system already tampered with due to the haze. He explained that the smoke interrupts the photosynthesis process, causing a delay on the rubber biosynthesis.

Meanwhile, latex is the product of photosynthesis in the form of photosynthetic sucrose and others, translocated from the leafs through the arteries into the latex arteries.

This year, Indonesia's rubber production, based on the calculation of ANRPC, reaches 3,175,000 tons, or slightly gaining from 2014, at 3,153,200 tons.

Aside from the haze effect, the potential of a decline in production was due to the effect of El Niño, which has caused the longer draught season, especially in the areas of the Southern Hemisphere.

"If the production is totally interrupted until the end of the year, the rubber production assumption of 3,175,000 tons in 2015 may not be achieved," he concluded.